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Polymetallic driers for paintwork materials. Production and sale in Ukraine.

Polymetallic driers for paintwork materials.

Working closely with our customers of monometallic driers, we have soon realized that final user is not always convenient to deal with them, that is prepare mixture of driers by oneself. Therefore, along with monometallic we have developed a number of formulations of polymetallic (mixed) driers, which are based on 2-ethylhexanoate "desiccant" metals (cobalt, manganese), and various promoters. It should be emphasized that they do not contain lead compounds.

Generally the amount injected into the desiccant coatings is calculated from the ratio of active metal and film-former, as it is well- known that effect of desiccant in the film-forming system largely depends on its quantity.

It is established experimentally that for drying of alkyd varnish PF-060 less mixed octoate driers on 60-70% (except for metal) must be used than the 64P and hardness of the cured coating in the first case is on 10-15% higher.

Hardness of paint coatings based on PF-060 with addition of various driers are given in Table. 1. Drying time up to grade 3 at 20 (± 2) °C in all cases was 24 hours.

Hardness of coatings based on alkyd varnish PF-060

Table 1

Drier* Quantity of drier, part (by weight) per 100 parts (by weight) of varnish Drying time up to grade 3 hours at 20±2°Ņ Film hardness under pendulum device TML 2124 (pendulum A)
in 24 hours in 48 hours in 72÷ hours
1 2 3 4 5 6
64P (manufacture of Dnepropetrovsk Paint-and-Varnish Factory) 7,0 24 0,069 0,089 0,100
PolyAr -1.2 2,1 24 0,081 0,100 0,119
PolyAr -1.4 2,1 24 0,083 0,100 0,122
PolyAr -1.2.3 2,1 24 0,078 0,100 0,117
PolyAr -1.2.5 2,1 24 0,078 0,094 0,116
PolyAr -1.4.5 2,1 24 0,078 0,100 0,128

* composition of dryers are given in table 2.

Results suggest that blend driers of LLC "ARSENAL GRUPP", containing mixture of metals in optimal ratio, successfully replace highly toxic lead-driers in the polycondensation paint-and-varnish materials. All blend driers, listed in Table 2, are less toxic and significantly lighter (color by iodometric scale when diluted with white spirit 1:20 not more 20 mg J2/100 cm3) than traditional ones. Their introduction in enamels of light-colors does not change color.

Currently we offer to producers of drying oils, oil paints, alkyd varnishes and enamels blend polymetallic driers of various kinds. Recommendations for their use are given in Table 2.

Formulations of blend driers of LLC ĢArsenal Gruppģ

Table 2

Commodity name Optimal quantity of driers, % (per weight) for alkyd varnish
PolyAr-1.2 1,7-2,1
PolyAr-1.2-2 1,7-2,1
PolyAr-1.5 1,9-2,5
PolyAr-1.2.3 2,1 - 2,8
PolyAr-1.2.4 1,9-2,1
PolyAr-1.2.4-1 1,9-2,8
PolyAr-1.4.5 2,1-2,8
PolyAr-1.4 1,7-2,1
PolyAr-1.2.5 1,9-2,8

In studying the properties of synthesized driers effectiveness of calcium octoate, zinc, barium as dispersers has been verified. With this aim 0.5 parts (by weight) of driers ArdoS-04, ArdoS-03 and ArdoS-05 of mark A were added in pigment paste of white enamel PF-115 and in the same dispersing time in bead mill degree of dispersion was determined. Test results of dispersive properties of octoates Ca, Zn, Ba are given in Table 3.

Test results of dispersive properties of calcium octoate, zinc, barium

Table 3

Drier of mark Ā Dispersibility of pigments, mcm, after dispersion during, min
10 20 30 60
ArdoS-04 70 45 25 10
ArdoS-03 75 60 45 25
ArdoS-05 75 65 50 25

Data of Table 3 show that all tested driers have good affect on speed of dispersion, but 2-ethylhexanoate calcium (ArdoS-04) has the best dispersing properties. Taken into consideration that according to the literature data ions Ca² reduce activation energy of cobalt, use of calcium octoate is highly desirable. To confirm this, we determined hardness of the enamel coating on the basis of the PF-115 white with addition of different driers. Drying time up to grade 3 at 20 (± 2) °C in all cases was 24 hours. Results of comparative tests are given in Table. 4.

Results of comparative tests of driers in enamel PF-115 white.

Table 4

Drier Quantity of drier, part (by weight) per 100 parts (by weight) of paintwork material Drying time up to grade 3, hours at 20±2°Ņ Film hardness under pendulum device TML 2124 (pendulum A)
in 24 hours in 48 hours in 72 hours
64 P 2,5 24 0,102 0,138 0,143
  0,7 24 0,066 0,110 0,143
PolyAr -1.2.5 0,9 24 0,091 0,133 0,153
  1,1 24 0,102 0,141 0,156
  0,7+0,5 24 0,102 0,138 0,151
PolyAr -1.2.5+ArdoS-04 0,9+0,5 24 0,110 0,143 0,155
  1,1+0,5 24 0,115 0,149 0,159

We have also studied effectiveness of dispersion of calcium octoate as compared with soy lecithin in the manufacture of enamel PF-115 of white and green colors (see picture). The figure shows that dispersion of pigments in the initial period (15-20 min.) takes almost the same for all systems. At further dispersion pigment pastes containing calcium octoate reach degree of fineness 25 mm in 30 minutes and those containing lecithin - only in 45-50 min. Without use of disperser dispersion time up to 25 mcm is 65-70 min. Thus use of calcium octoate in the amount of 0.5-0.6 parts (by weight) per 100 parts of pigment paste can reduce time of dispersion on 40-50%.

Thus, studies have shown that use of 2-ethyl hexane carbon acid for getting of driers allows you:
- Eliminate lead from formulation of driers;
- Reduce number of active metals introduced into the film-forming system;
- Improve quality of coatings based on paintwork materials with these driers;
- Intensify the process of pigments dispersing.

The company provides technical support for manufactured products purchased either directly from LLC "ARSENAL GRUPP" and through our dealers network. Our experts are ready to provide detailed information about products, give recommendation, provide promotional and laboratory specimens. To improve quality of manufactured paint-and-varnish products LLC "Arsenal Grupp" conducts selection of blend driers and their optimal consumption, both independently and in combination with disperser and anti-film product.

In preparation of this page materials from the article "About some properties of dryers based on 2-ethyl hexane carbon acid” published in the journal "Paint-and-varnish materials and their applicationģ š 11, 2001. p. 5-7.

We are grateful to the experts of Dnepropetrovsk paint-and-work factory for their assistance in developing and testing of formulations of driers and preparation of materials for this article.

Production and sale of polymetallic driers for paintwork materials in Ukraine

Production of polymetallic driers for paintwork materials in Ukraine.

Sales of polymetallic driers for paintwork materials are made from stock in Ukraine.
Products delivery to the customer is possible on contractual conditions.

Antistatic agents for PVC
Additives for drying oils and alkyd vanishes

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